- 原书名：Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics
- 原出版社： Springer-Verlag
德国著名理论物理学家W．Griner教授编写了一套13卷集的理论物理学教科书, 本书是其中之一。这是一套内容完整而实用的大学生及硕士研究生现代物理学教材。它以系统、统一和连贯的方式阐述了现代理论物理学的诸方面。这套教材面世后，不仅在德国产生了巨大的影响，其英文版的及时推出，对全世界理论物理学的教学也起了很好的促进作用。我们已出版该丛书中的5卷(详见本目录中的物理学存书目录), 本期目录继续选编其中2卷，其它各卷将陆续影印出版，请随时关注我们的出版信息。 目次：本书共有四部分。
Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics contains the lectures that form part of the course in theoretical physics at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University in Frankfurt am Main. The lectures are given for students in physics in their fifth or sixth semester and are preceded by Theoretical Mechanics I (first semester), Theoretical Mechanics II (second semester), Classical Electrodynamics (third semester), Quantum Mechanics I (fourth semester), and Quantum Mechanics II--Symmetries and Relativistic Quantum Mechanics (fifth semester). Graduate course work, which begins with Quantum Mechanics II and Thermodynamics and Statistics, continues with Quantum Electrodynamics, the Gauge Theory of Weak Interactions, Quantum Chromodynamics, and other, more specialized courses in Nuclear and Solid State Theory, Cosmology, etc. ...
1. Equilibrium and State Quantities
Systems, phases and state quantities
Equilibrium and temperature--the zeroth law of thermodynamics
Kinetic theory of the ideal gas
Pressure, work and chemical potential
Heat and heat capacity
The equation of state for a real gas
Changes of state--reversible and irreversible processes
Exact and inexact differentials, line integrals
2. The Laws of Thermodynamics
The first law
Camot's process and entropy
Entropy and the second law
Insertion: Microscopic interpretation of entropy and of the second law
Global and local equilibrium
As in all other fields mentioned, we present thermodynamics and statistics according to the inductive method which comes closest to the methodology of the research physicist. Starting from some key experimental observations, the framework of the theory is developed and, after the basic equations are obtained, new phenomena are investigated from thereon.
The first part of the book covers basic thermodynamics with its wide range of applications in physics, chemistry and engineering. A large variety of examples and applications, as well as detailed descriptions of the necessary mathematical tools, are inserted to guide the reader through this vast field. Emphasis is laid on the microscopic understanding and interpretation of macroscopic processes. Among the subjects covered in this first part are the statistical interpretation of temperature and entropy (which is discussed in great detail, especially in the second part of this volume), thermodynamic machines, phase transitions and chemical reactions.
The second part deals with statistical mechanics. Microcanonical, canonical and macrocanonical ensembles are introduced and their various applications (ideal and real gases, fluctuations, paramagnetism and phase transitions) are demonstrated.
The third part covers quantum statistics. Beginning with ideal quantum gases, we discuss Fermi- and Bose gases and show their multiple applications which stretch from solid state physics to astrophysics (neutron stars and white dwarfs) and nuclear physics (nuclei, hadronic matter and the possible phase transition to a Quark Gluon Plasma). ..
The last part of this book presents a survey of real gases and phase transitions. Mayer's cluster expansion and the Ising- and Heisenberg- models serve as a basis for an introduction into this challenging new field of scientific research.
These lectures are now up for their third German edition. Over the years many students and collaborators have helped to work out exercises and illustrative examples. For this first English edition we enjoyed the enthusiastic input by Steffen A. Bass, Adrian Dumitm, Dirk Rischke (now at Columbia University) and Thomas Schtnfeld. Miss Astrid Steidl drew the graphs and pictures. To all of them we express our sincere thanks. We are also grateful to Professor Jes Madsen of Aarhus University in Denmark and Professor Laszlo Csemai of the University Bergen in Norway for their valuable comments on the text and illustrations. We especially thank Professor Martin Gelfand from Colorado State University in Fort Collins and his group of students who collected numerous misprints and drew our attention to several physical problems.
Finally, we wish to thank Springer-Vefiag New York, in particular Dr. Hans-Ulrich Daniel and Dr. Thomas von Foerster for their encouragement and patience, and Ms. Margaret Marynowski, for her expertise in copyediting the English edition. ...