- 原书名：Modern Operating Systems(Second Edition)
- 原出版社： Prentice Hall
The widely anticipated revision of this worldwide best seller-Modern Operating Systems-incorporates the latest developments in operating systems technologies. Hundreds of pages of new material on a wealth of subjects have been added. This authoritative, example-based reference offers practical, hands-on information in constructing and understanding modem operating systems. Continued in this second edition are the "big picture" concepts, presented in the clear and entertaining style that only Andrew S. Tanenbaum can provide. Tanenbaum's long experience as the designer or designer or co-designer of three operating systems brings a knowledge of the subject and wealth of practical detail that few other books can match.
advanced parallel, distributed, and imaging systems. Nevertheless, he is trying very hard to avoid turning into a bureaucrat.
In the past, he has done research on compilers, operating systems, networking,and local-area distributed systems. His current researck focnses primarily on the design of wide-area distributed systems that scale to a billion users. These research projects have led to over 85 refereed papers in journals and conferenee proceedings and five books.
Prof. Tanenbaum has also produced a considerable volume of software. He was the principal architect of the Amsterdam Compiler Kit, a widely-used toolkit for writing ponable compilers, as well as of MINIX, a small UNIX clone intended for use in stadent programming labs. Together witk his Ph.D. students and programmers, he helped design the Amoeba disuiboted operating system, a highperformance microkemel-based distributed operating system. The MINIX and Amoeba systems are now available for free via the hltemet.
His Ph.D. students have gone on to greater glory after geHing their degtees.He is very proud of them. In this respect he resembles a mother hen.
Prof. Tanenbaum is a Fellow of the ACM, a Fellow of the the IEEE, a member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Ans and Sciences, winner of the 1994 ACM Karl V. Karlstrom Outstanding Edncator Award, and winner of the 1997 ACM/SIGCSE Award for Outstanding Conuibutions to Computer Science Education. He is also listed in Who's Who in the World. His home page on the World Wide Web can be found at URL http://www.cs.vu.nl/-ast/ .
l.l. WHAT IS AN OPERATING SYSTEM?
l.2. HISTORY OF OPERATING SYSTEMS
l.3. THE OPERATING SYSTEM ZOO
l.4. COMPUTER HARDWARE REVIEW
l.5. OPERATING SYSTEM CONCEPTS
l.6. SYSTEM CALLS
l.7. OPERATING SYSTEM STRUCTURE
l.8. RESEARCH ON OPERATING SYSTEMS
l.9. OUTLINE OF THE REST OF THIS BOOK
I.IO. METRIC UNITS
2 PROCESSES AND THREADS
2.3. INTERPROCESS COMMUNICATION
2.4. CLASSICAL IPC PROBLEMS
2.6. RESEARCH ON PROCESSES AND THREADS
The most obvious change is that the first edition was about half on singlenrocessor onerating systems and half on distributed systems. I chose that format in l991 because few universities then had courses on distributed systems and wbatever students leamed about distributed systems had to be put into the operating systems course, for which this book was intended. Now most universities have a senarate course on distributed systems, so it is not necessary to try to combine the fwo subjects into one course and one book. This book is intended for a first course on operating systems, and as such focuses mostly on traditional sinele-processor systems.
I have coauthored two other books on operating systems. This leads to two possible course sequences.
I. Operating Systems Design and Implementation by Tanenbaum and Woodhull
2. Distributed Systems by Tanenbaum and Van Steen
I. Modem Operating Systems by Tanenbaum
2. Distributed Systems by Tanenbaum and Van Steen
The former sequence uses MINIX and the students are expected to experiment with MINIX in an accompanying laboratory supplementing the first course. The latter sequence does not use MINIX. Instead, some small simulators are available that can be used for snldent exercises dnring a Rrst course using this book. These simulators can be found staHing on the author's Web page: www.cs.vu.ml/～ast/by clicking on Software and supplementary nlaterial for ml books .
In addition to the major change ot switching the emphasis to single-processor operating systems in this book, other major changes include the addition of entire chapters on computer security, multimedia operating systems, and Windows 2000,all imponant and timely topics. In addition, a new and unique chapter on operating system design has been added.
Another new feature is that many chapters now have a section on research aboat the topic of the chapter. This is intended to introduce the reader to modern work in processes, memoty management, and so on. These sections havt numerous references to the cument research literature for the interested reader. In addition, Chapter 13 has many introductory and tutorial references.
Finally, numerous topics have been added to this book or heavily revised These topics include: graphical user intefaces, multiprocessor operating systems,power management for laptops. trusted systems, viruses, network terminals, CD-ROM file systems. mutexes, RAID, soft timers, stable storage. fair-share scheduling, and new paging algorithms. Many new problems have been added and old ones updated. The total number of problems now exceeds 450. A solutions manual is available to professors using this book in a course. They can obtain copy from their local Prentice Hall representative. In addition, over 250 new references to the current literature have been added to bring the book up to date.
Despite the removal of more than 400 pages of old material, the book has increased in size due to the large amount of new material added. While the book is still suitable for a one-semester or two-quarter course, it is probably too long for a one-quarter or one-trimester course at most universities. For this reason, the book has been designed in a modular way. Any course on operating systems should cover chapters I through 6. This is basic material that every student show know.
If additional time is available, additional chapters can be covered. Each of them assumes the reader has finished chapters l through 6, but Chaps. 7 through 12 are each self contained, so any desired subset can be used and in any order,depending on the interests of the instnlctor. In the author's opinion, Chaps.7tbrough 12 are much more interesting than the earlier ones. Instructors shoald tell their stadents that they have to eat their broccoli before they can have the doublw chocolate fudge cake dessen.
I would like to thank the following people for their help in reviewing parts of the manuscript: Rida Bazzi, Riccardo Bettati, Felipe Cabrera, Richard Chapman,John Connely, John Dickinson, John Elliott, Deborah Frincke, Chandana Gamage,Robben Geist, David Golds, Jim Griffioen, Gary Harkin, Frans Kaashoek, Mukkai KrishnamooHhy, Monica Lam, Jussi Leiwo, Herb Mayer, Kirk McKusick. Evi Nemeth,Bill Potvin, Prasant Shenoy, Thomas Skinner, Xian-He Sun, William Terry,Robbert Van Renesse, and Maarten van Steen. Jamie Hanrahan, Mark Russinovich, and Dave Solomon were enormously knowledgeable about Windows 2000 and very helpful. Special thanks go to AI Woodhull for valuable reviews and thinking of man]' new end-of-chapter problems.
My students were also helpful with comments and feedback, especially Staas de Jong,Jan de Vos, Niels Drost, David Fokkema. Auke FolkeHs, Peter Groenewegen,Wilco Ibes, Stefan Jansen, Jeroen Ketema. Joeri Mulder, Irwin Oppenhein, Stef Post, Umar Rehman, Daniel Rijkhof, Maanen Sander, Maurits van der Schee, Rik van der Stoel, Mark van Driel, Dennis van Veen, and Thomas Zeeman.
Barbara and Marvin are still wonderful, as usual, each in a unique way.Finally,last but not least, l would like to thank Suzanne for her love and patience,not to mention all the druiven and kersen, which have replaced the sinasappelsap in recenttimes.