### 基本信息

- 原书名：Solid-State Physics: Introduction to the Theory

- 作者：
**James D.Patterson** - 出版社：世界图书出版公司
- ISBN：
**9787510029776** - 上架时间：2013-9-13
- 出版日期：2011 年1月
- 开本：24开
- 页码：717
- 版次：1-1
- 所属分类：教育

### 内容简介

读者对象：物理学领域的研究生专业课教科书和研究人员参考书。

### 目录

1 Crystal BindinR and Structure

1.1 Classification of Solids by Binding Forces (B)

1.2 Group Theory and Crystallography

Problems

2 Lattice Vibrations and Thermal Properties

2.1 The Bom-Oppenheimer Approximation (A)

2.2 One-Dimensional Lattices (B)

2.3 Three-Dimensional Lattices

Problems

Electrons in Periodic Potentials

3.1 Reduction to One-Electron Problem

3.2 One-Electron Moaels

Problems

4 The Interaction of Electrons and Lattice Vibrations

4.1 Particles and Interactions of Solid-state Physics (B)

4.2 The Phonon-Phonon Interaction (B)

4.3 The Eiectron-Phonon Interaction

4.4 Brief Comments on Electron Interactions(B)

4.5 The Boltlanann Equation and Electrical Conductivity

### 前言

We have retained the term solid-state physics, even though condensed-matter physics is more commonly used. Condensed-matter physics includes liquids and non -crystalline solids such as glass, about which we have little to say. We have also included only a little material concerning soft condensed matter (which includes polymers, membranes and liquid crystals - it also includes wood and gelatins).

Modem solid-state physics came of age in the late 1930s and early 1940s (see Seitz [82]), and had its most extensive expansion with the development of the transistor, integrated circuits, and microelectronics. Most of microelectronics,however, is limited to the properties of inhomogeneously doped semiconductors.Solid-state physics includes many other areas of course; among the largest of these are ferromagnetic materials, and superconductors. Just a little less than half of all working physicists are engaged in condensed matter work, including solid-state. One earlier version of this book was first published 30 years ago (J.D.Patterson, Introductionto the Theory of Solid State Physics, Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Reading, Massachusetts, 1971, copyright reassigned to .[DP 13 December, 1977), and bringing out a new modernized and expanded Version has been a prodigious task. Sticking to the original idea of presenting basics has meant that the early parts are relatively unchanged (although they contain new and reworked material), dealing as they do with structure (Chap. 1), phonons (2),electrons (3), and interactions (4). Of course, the scope of solid-state physics has greatly expanded during the past 30 years. Consequently, separate chapters are now devoted to metals and the Fermi surface (5), semiconductors (6), magnetism (7, expanded and reorganized), superconductors (8), dielectrics and ferroelectrics (9), optical properties (10), defects (11), and a final chapter (12) that includes surfaces, and brief mention of modern topics (nanostructures, the quantum Hall effect, carbon nanotubes, amorphous materials, and soft condensed matter). The

reference list has been brought up to date,'and several relevant topics are further discussed in the appendices. The table of contents can be consulted for a full list of what is now included.

The fact that one of us (JDP) has 'taught solid-state physics over the course of this 30 years has helped define the scope of this book, which is intended as a textbook. Like golf, teaching is a humbling experience. One finds not only that the students don't understand as much as one hopes, but one constantly discovers limits to his own understanding. We hope this book will help students to begin a life-long learning experience, for only in that way can they gain a deep understanding of solid-state physics.

Discoveries continue in solid-state physics. Some of the more obvious ones during the last thirty years are: quasicrystals, the quantum Hall effect (both integer and fractional - where one must fmally confront new aspects of electron-electron interactions), high-temperature superconductivity, and heavy fermions. We have included these, at least to some extent, as well as several others. New experimen- tal techniques, such as scanning probe microscopy, LEED, and EXAFS, among others have revolutionized the study of solids. Since this is an introductory book on solid-state theory, we have only included brief summaries of these techniques.

New ways of growing crystals and new "designer" materials on the nanopbysics scale (superlattices, quantum dots, etc.) have also kept solid-state physics vibrant, and we have introduced these topics. There have also been numerous areas in which applications have played a driving role. These include semiconductor technology, spin-polarized tunneling, and giant magnetoresistance (GMR). We have at least briefly discussed these as well as other topics.

Greatly increased computing power has allowed many ab initio methods of calculations to become practical. Most of these require specialized discussions beyond the scope of this book. However, we continue to discuss pseudopotentials, and have added a Section on density functional techniques.

Problems are given at the end of each chapter (many new problems have been added). Occasionally they are quite long and have different approximate solutions. This may be frustrating, but it appears to be necessary to work problems in solid- state physics in order to gain a physical feeling for the subject. In this respect, solid-state physics is no different from many other branches of physics.

We should discuss what level of students for which this book is intended. One could perhaps more appropriately ask what degree of maturity of the students is assumed? Obviously, some introduction to quantum mechanics, solid-state

physics, thermodynamics, statistical mechanics, mathematical physics, as well as basic mechanics and electrodynamics is necessary. In our experience, this is most commonly encountered in graduate students, although certain mature under- graduates will be able to handle much of the material in this book.

Although it is well to briefly mention a wide variety of topics, so that students will not be "blind sided" later, and we have done this in places, in general it is better to understand one topic relatively completely, than to scan over several. We caution professors to be realistic as to what their students can really grasp. If the students have a good start, they have their whole careers to fill in the details.

The method of presentation of the topics draws heavily on many other solid-state books listed in the bibliography. Acknowledgment due the authors of these books is made here. The selection of topics was also influenced by discussion with colleagues and former teachers, some of whom are mentioned later.

We think that solid-state physics abundantly proves that more is different, as has been attributed to P. W. Anderson. There really are emergent properties at higher levels of complexity. Seeking them, including applications, is what keeps solid-state physics alive.

In this day and age, no one book can hope to cover all of solid-state physics. We would like to particularly single out the following books for reference and or further study. Terms in brackets refer to references listed in the Bibliography.

1. Kittel-7th edition-remains unsurpassed for what it does [23, 1996]. Also Kittel's book on advanced solid-state physics [60, 1963] is very good.

2. Ashcrofi and Mermin, Solid State Physics-has some of the best explanations of many topics I have found anywhere [21,1976]

3. Jones and March-a comprehensive two-volume work [22, 1973].

4. J.M.Ziman-many extremely clear physical explanation [25, 1972], see also Ziman's classic Electrons and Phonons [99, 1960]

5. O.Madelung, Introduction to Solid-State Theory - Complete with a very trans-parent and physical presentation [4.25]

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