### 基本信息

- 原书名：Modern Physics
- 原出版社： Brooks Cole

- 作者：
**(美)Raymond A. Serway****Clement J. Moses****Curt A. Moyer** - 丛书名：
**国际著名物理图书--影印版系列** - 出版社：清华大学出版社
- ISBN：
**9787302189084** - 上架时间：2008-12-11
- 出版日期：2008 年12月
- 开本：16开
- 页码：600
- 版次：3-1
- 所属分类：物理 > 总论 > 物理学、物理实验

### 内容简介

物理书籍

本书是为修完基于微积分的物理课程的理工科学生编写的近代物理学教材。全书共分16章，包括两部分内容：从第1章到第10章主要是讲述相对论、量子理论和统计物理学理论；从第11章到第16章主要是介绍量子理论在分子、固体、原子核及粒子物理方面的一些基本应用，其中第16章(宇宙论)的内容上载在本书配套的网站上。因此，本书覆盖了在科学和技术中广泛应用的近代物理学方面的基本内容。

在讲法上，本书避免复杂的数学推导，突出物理本质和物理图像，使用了大量的图表，简单明了地阐述了近代物理学中的基本概念和基本规律。书中对教学内容的难点和疑点，均作了深入浅出的剖析，并配备了足够数量的具有针对性的例题。书中注重介绍近代物理学知识的现代应用，回答了近代物理学中的一些基本问题。本书还通过引入20世纪物理学发展的一些重要历史资料，包括著名科学家的照片及其原创性成果的介绍，还有一些实验装置的照片，增强了物理学理论的真实感和生动感。

### 目录

2 RelativitylI

3 The Quantum Theory of Light

4 The Particle Nature of Matter

5 Matter Waves

6 Quantum Mechanics in One Dimension

7 Tunneling Phenomena

8 Quantum Mechanics in Three Dimensions

9 Atomic Structure

10 Statistical Physics

11 Molecular Structure

12 The Solid State

13 Nuclear Structure

14 Nuclear Physics Applications

15 Elementary Particles

16 Cosmology (Web Only)

AppendixA Best Known Values for Physical Constants

AppendixB Table of Selected Atomic Masses

AppendixBCNobel Prizes

Answers to Odd-Numbered Problenms

### 前言

OBJECTIVES

Our basic objectives in this book are threefold:

1. To provide simple, clear, and mathematically uncomplicated explana tions of physical concepts and theories of modern physics.

2. To clarify and show support for these theories through a broad range of current applications and examples. In this regard, we have attempted to answer questions such as: What holds molecules together? How do elec trons tunnel through barriers? How do electrons move through solids? How can currents persist indefinitely in superconductors?

3. To enliven and humanize the text with brief sketches of the historical de velopment of 20th century physics, including anecdotes and quotations from the key figures as well as interesting photographs of noted scientistsand original apparatus.

COVERAGE

Topics.The material covered in this book is concerned with fundamental topics in modern physics with extensive applications in science and engineering. Chapters I and 2 present an introduction to the special theory of relativity. Chapter 2 also contains an introduction to general relativity. Chapters 3 through 5 present an historical and conceptual introduction to early developments in quantum theory, including a discussion of key experiments that show the quantum aspects of nature. Chapters 6 through 9' are an introduction to the real "nuts and bolts" of quantum mechanics, covering the Schr6dinger equation, tunneling phenomena, the hydrogen atom, and multielectron

atoms, while Chapter 10 contains an introduction to statistical physics. The remainder of the book consists mainly of applications of the theory set forth in earlier chapters to more specialized areas of modern physics. In particular, Chapter 11 discusses the physics of molecules, while Chapter 12 is an introduction to the physics of solids and electronic devices. Chapters 13 and 14 cover nuclear physics, methods of obtaining energy from nuclear reactions, and medical and other applications of nuclear processes. Chapter 15 treats elementary particle physics, and Chapter 16 (available online at http://info. brookscole.com/mp3e) covers cosmology.

CHANGESTOTHETHIRDEDITION

The third edition contains two major changes from the second edition: First, this edition has been extensively rewritten in order to clarify difficult concepts, aid understanding, and bring the text up to date with rapidly developing technical applications of quantum physics. Artwork and the order of presentation of certain topics have been revised to help in this process. (Many new photos of physicists have been added to the text, and a new collection of color photographs of modern physics phenomena is also available on the Book Companion Web Site.) Typically, each chapter contains new worked examples and five new end-of-chapter questions and problems. Final!y, the Suggestions for Further Reading have been revised as needed.

Second, this edition refers the reader to a new, online (platform independent) simulation package, QMTools, developed by one of the authors, Curt Moyer. We think these simulations clarify, enliven, and complement the analytical solutions presented in the text. Icons in the text highlight the problems designed for use with this software, which provides modeling tools to help students visualize abstract concepts. All instructions about the general use of the software as well as specific instructions for each problem are contained on the Book Companion Web Site, thereby minimizing interruptions to the logicalflow of the text. The Book Companion Web Site at http-//info.brookscole.mp3e also contains appendices and much supplemental information on cur rent physics research and applications, allowing interested readers to dig deeper into many topics.

Specific changes by chapter in this third edition are as follows:

· Chapter 1 in the previous editions, "Relativity," has been extensively revised and divided into two chapters. The new Chapter 1, entitled "Relativity I," contains the history of relativity, new derivations of the Lorentz coordinate and velocity transformations, and a new section on spacetime and causality.

· Chapter 2, entitled "Relativity II," covers relativistic dynamics and energy and includes new material on general relativity, gravitational radiation, and the applications GPS (Global Positioning System) and LIGO (the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory).

· Chapter 3 has been streamlined with a more concise treatment of the Rayleigh-Jeans and Planck blackbody laws. Material necessary for a com plete derivation of these results has been placed on our Book CompanionWeb Site.

· Chapter 5 contains a new section on the invention and principles of op eration of transmission and scanning electron microscopes.

· Chapter 6, "Quantum Mechanics in One Dimension," features a new application on the principles of operation and utility of CCDs (ChargeCoupled Devices).

· Chapter 8, "Quantum Mechanics in Three Dimensions," includes a new discussion on the production and spectroscopic study of anti-hydrogen, a study which has important consequences for several fundamental physical questions.

· Chapter 10 presents new material on the connection of wavefunction symmetry to the Bose-Einstein condensation and the Pauli exclusion prin- ciple, as well as describing potential applications of Bose-Einstein'conden- sates.

### 序言

在讲法上，本书避免复杂的数学推导，突出物理本质和物理图像，使用了大量的图表，简单明了地阐述了近代物理学中的基本概念和基本规律。书中对教学内容的难点和疑点，均作了深入浅出的剖析，并配备了足够数量的具有针对性的例题。书中注重介绍近代物理学知识的现代应用，回答了近代物理学中的一些基本问题，例如：是什么让分子结合在一起?电子是如何穿透势垒的?固体中的电子是怎样运动的?超导体中的电流为什么能维持无限大?..

本书通过引入20世纪物理学发展的一些重要历史资料，包括著名科学家的照片及其原创性成果介绍，还有一些实验装置的照片，增强了物理学理论的真实感和生动感。

近几年来，国内一些院校的理科专业把原来普通物理课程中的原子物理学扩展为近代物理学，一些工科专业在修完大学物理课程之后也设置了近代物理学方面的课程。对于上述课程，本书都是一本很好的教材。书中的第1章(相对论1)、第2章(相对论Ⅱ)和第10章(统计物理学)中的经典统计部分，在普通物理或大学物理的力学和热学中都已经讲过，这些章节可以不讲。书中还有一些内容可以让学生自学，然后组织学生进行讨论。

对于正在学习大学物理的工科学生和讲授大学物理的教师，本书也有很好的参考价值。...

陈信义

清华大学物理系

2008年11月